Nails Discoloration And Deformities
Nails represent the scaly superficial layer of the skin in a condensed form.
The bed in which the nail rests is the dermis layer of the skin modified into very vascular parallel bridges.
The following are various deformities and discoloration of nails
1.Clubbing of nails is seen in Bronchiectasis, lung abcess, empyema etc. The normal angle between the base of the nail and the nail fold is lost, in finger clubbing.
2.Yellow nail syndrome is seen in association with chronic oedema of hands, feet, angles or face, pleural effusions, chronic sinus infection and thyroid disease. Here the nail plate is thickened, yellow in color, smooth and with an increased lateral curvature. Rate of growth of nails is reduced.
3.White bands is seen in hypoalbuminemia. The nails return to normal when the level of protein is restored.
4.Half-and-nails is seen in renal failure. Here the proximal nail is pale or white and the distal portion is red or brown in colour.
5.Brown streaks- longitudinal brown streaks ate commonly seen in black patients when pigment cells are incorporated into the nail matrix.
6.Onycholysis or separation of the distal edge of the nail from the vascular nail bed will cause whiteness of the free edge and this most commonly follows trauma or faulty or excessive manicure, psoriasis, etc.
7.Splinter haemorrhages - these are most frequently caused by trauma to the nail
8.Koilonychia or spoon - shaped is seen in association with iron deficiency anemia but it may also follow trauma
9.Chronic paronychia is due to chronic infection from Candida albicans
10.Transverse lines ( Beau's lines ) is related to acute physical or psychiatric illness or use of certain drugs.
11.Blue discoloration of the nail is seen in hepatolenticular degeneration ( Wilson's disease ) as blue lanulae.
Calcarea Carbonica: Nails are uneven, corrugated and spotted.
Calcarea Phosphorica: Root of nails are painful with general weakness and anemia.
Thuja Occidentalis: Nails become waxy and distorted, soft and brittle.
Nitricum Acidum: Cold and blue nails. Chilblains of toes.
Silicea: Crippled nails with white spots on nails. Ingrowing toe nails.
Hepar Sulphuris Calcareum: Nails become loose, painful and oversensitive.
|CALCAREA CARBONICA 30C - 400 Pellets (4dm)||1009352||8907460093523|
|CALCAREA PHOSPHORICA 6X - 250 Tablets (1Oz)||1054914||8907460549143|
|THUJA OCCIDENTALIS 30C - 400 Pellets (4dm)||1044252||8907460442529|
|NITRICUM ACIDUM 30C - 400 Pellets (4dm)||1031552||8907460315526|
|SILICEA 6X - 250 Tablets (1Oz)||1068514||8907460685148|
|HEPAR SULPHURIS CALCAREUM 30C - 400 Pellets (4dm)||1022452||8907460224521|